Business ethics chapter 10 -diversity and discrimination

Multiple Choice Quiz

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Business ethics chapter 10 -diversity and discrimination
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay


Select the statement that emphasizes the startling contrast between gains made by women in professional careers and women in business careers:
 A) Women in general hold less than 5 percent of all senior-level positions in major corporations.
 B) Between 1973 and 1993, the percentage of women lawyers and judges increased from 5.8 to 22.7 percent.
 C) White men comprise 65 percent of managerial positions in industry while women hold 25 percent of them.
 D) Forty percent of native-born working women fill positions classified as “administrative support” and “service” while only 16 percent of male worker fill such jobs.

Choose the statements that correctly reflect the likely utilitarian view of preferential treatment in hiring:
 A) Managerial discretion should be given great latitude in hiring decisions.
 B) Hiring decisions should be based on the ability of the candidate to perform the job efficiently and skillfully.
 C) Property rights should prevail in hiring decisions.
 D) Consequences like the goodwill of long-term employees whose families are given preference in hiring must be considered.
 E) Answers A and B are correct.
 F) Answers B and D are correct.

Identify the situation that does not show how disparate treatment can result from what appears to be normal and equal consideration of candidates for a position:
 A) Women have lower salary expectations than men. An employer without bias against women might select a qualified woman for a position just to save money.
 B) A woman who has been hired at a lower salary than a male colleague because her salary expectations were lower may receive an equal percentage of merit pay over time but applied to a smaller base salary than the male’s.
 C) Even if this same woman has received equal opportunity for promotions as the male colleague, she may still never close the gap between her salary level and the male’s salary level.
 D) All of the above.
 E) None of the above.

Choose the action that exemplifies affirmative action, i.e., taking extra steps that move beyond passive nondiscrimination:
 A) Advertising in media that appeal to women or minorities.
 B) Providing door locks on women’s bathrooms and showers but not on men’s.
 C) Deliberately recruiting qualified women and minority candidates.
 D) Providing special support through the human resources office for women or people of color who are hired.
 E) All of the above.
 F) None of the above.

Select the preferential treatment policy that is likely to raise the least serious ethical challenge:
 A) Giving preference to otherwise qualified but previously disadvantaged candidates.
 B) Identifying members of previously disadvantaged groups in the pool of qualified candidates and giving them preference in the hiring decision.
 C) Identifying members of previously disadvantaged groups in the pool of candidates who are less qualified than white males and giving them preference in the hiring decision.
 D) Hiring members of disadvantaged groups with only minimal consideration given to qualifications.

Identify the arguments that have not been used to support or refute the ethical legitimacy of preferential hiring policies:
 A) These policies violate the rights of white males.
 B) These policies are obligatory means for compensating people for harms they have suffered.
 C) Such policies should be rejected because they may create more discrimination as a backlash against gender or racial preferences.
 D) Preferential hiring is a means of providing more role models for young women and people of color.
 E) All of the above.
 F) None of the above.

Select the statement or situation that would likely not challenge the merit argument that the most qualified candidate for a position has earned or deserves it, and the denial of this desert is unjust:
 A) Candidates for a job do not necessarily have a legitimate expectation that hiring decisions will always be based solely on qualifications.
 B) The son or daughter of a high-level executive in a publicly traded company receives preferential hiring treatment.
 C) The candidate from one’s own alma mater receives preferential hiring treatment.
 D) The public advertising for a position expressly states its qualifications.

Choose the statement that does not support the claim that justice requires preferential hiring and promotion to compensate people for the harms they have suffered:
 A) Preferential treatment equalizes the situation of unfair discrimination after the fact and returns it to the point that it would have been had discrimination not occurred.
 B) Young white males will lose their undeserved competitive advantage if society simply adopts equal opportunity policies.
 C) Compensation is not being paid by young white males but by private business or society. These white males are only being denied the competitive advantage they previously enjoyed-something they did not deserve.
 D) The only means to compensate for overall discrimination (e.g., in pay treatment) is to grant individual women preferential consideration in hiring and promotion.

Select the statements that correctly reflect the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission’s guidelines defining sexual harassment:
 A) Submission to unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors and other verbal or physical content of a sexual nature is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of an individual’s employment.
 B) Submission or rejection of such conduct by an individual is used as a basis for employment decisions affecting that individual.
 C) Such conduct has the effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual’s work performance.
 D) Such conduct creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive work environment for an individual
 E) All of the above.
 F) None of the above.

Identify the reason for not believing that it would be correct to shift from the reasonable “man” or reasonable “person” standard to the reasonable “women” standard for identifying conduct that unreasonably interferes with work:
 A) The shift from reasonable man to reasonable “person” should alert us to the possibility that “person” is simply a disguised version of “man.”
 B) This shift can reinforce the unacceptable sexual and paternalistic stereotype of women as more sensitive, fragile, and delicate than men and that, therefore, women need extra protection from the rough and tough workplace.
 C) Unless, as one judge has ruled, the outlook of the reasonable women is adopted, defendants and courts are permitted to sustain ingrained notions of reasonable behavior as fashioned by male offenders.
 D) The reasonable “person” standard can have the effect of simply maintaining the status quo in a workplace that remains very male oriented.

Grab 16% Discount On This Paper
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Us

Quality Papers

We value our clients. For this reason, we ensure that each paper is written carefully as per the instructions provided by the client. Our editing team also checks all the papers to ensure that they have been completed as per the expectations.

Professional Academic Writers

Over the years, our Acme Homework has managed to secure the most qualified, reliable and experienced team of writers. The company has also ensured continued training and development of the team members to ensure that it keep up with the rising Academic Trends.

Affordable Prices

Our prices are fairly priced in such a way that ensures affordability. Additionally, you can get a free price quotation by clicking on the "Place Order" button.

On-Time delivery

We pay strict attention on deadlines. For this reason, we ensure that all papers are submitted earlier, even before the deadline indicated by the customer. For this reason, the client can go through the work and review everything.

100% Originality

At, all papers are plagiarism-free as they are written from scratch. We have taken strict measures to ensure that there is no similarity on all papers and that citations are included as per the standards set.

Customer Support 24/7

Our support team is readily available to provide any guidance/help on our platform at any time of the day/night. Feel free to contact us via the Chat window or support email:

Try it now!

Grab 16% Discount On This Paper

We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services has stood as the world’s leading custom essay writing services providers. Once you enter all the details in the order form under the place order button, the rest is up to us.


Essay Writing Services

At, we prioritize on all aspects that bring about a good grade such as impeccable grammar, proper structure, zero-plagiarism and conformance to guidelines. Our experienced team of writers will help you completed your essays and other assignments.


Admission and Business Papers

Be assured that you’ll definitely get accepted to the Master’s level program at any university once you enter all the details in the order form. We won’t leave you here; we will also help you secure a good position in your aspired workplace by creating an outstanding resume or portfolio once you place an order.


Editing and Proofreading

Our skilled editing and writing team will help you restructure you paper, paraphrase, correct grammar and replace plagiarized sections on your paper just on time. The service is geared toward eliminating any mistakes and rather enhancing better quality.


Technical papers

We have writers in almost all fields including the most technical fields. You don’t have to worry about the complexity of your paper. Simply enter as much details as possible in the place order section.

                                                                                     Place Order