Question 1 (1 point)
Question 1 Unsaved
Which of the following is NOT an empirical question?
Question 1 options:
Are women more talkative than men?
Is dieting an effective weight loss strategy?
Should we prohibit cell phone use while driving?
Does cognitive psychotherapy help depressed people?
Question 2 (1 point)
Question 2 Saved
The tendency to notice evidence that is consistent with our beliefs and ignore evidence that is inconsistent with
our beliefs is called _____.
Question 2 options:
Question 3 (1 point)
Question 3 Unsaved
Two important attitudes of scientists are skepticism and _____.
Question 3 options:
tolerance of uncertainty
Question 4 (1 point)
Question 4 Unsaved
What is an empirically supported treatment?
Question 4 options:
a psychological treatment that has been shown to work by scientific research
a psychological treatment that has not yet been tested
a psychological treatment that should work in theory but that does not work in practice
a psychological treatment that can, in principle, be tested
Question 5 (1 point)
Question 5 Unsaved
Researcher A says that people who got allowances as children are more financially responsible as adults
because they had more opportunity to learn how to handle money. Researcher B says that people who got
allowances as children are more financially responsible adults because they are responsible people in general …
which is why their parents gave the allowances in the first place. Which of the following best describes this state of
Question 5 options:
The researchers share the same hypothesis but are proposing different phenomena.
The researchers agree on the phenomenon but disagree about the theory.
The researchers have the same theory but different hypotheses.
The researchers are taking different perspectives on the same theory.
Question 6 (1 point)
Question 6 Unsaved
Which of the following is an advantage of narrow theories over broad theories?
Question 6 options:
They are simpler.
They explain more phenomena.
They are less technical.
They make more precise predictions.
Question 7 (1 point)
Question 7 Unsaved
A theory that explains a behavior primarily in terms of why it happens is which of the following?
Question 7 options:
a mechanistic theory
a functional theory
Question 8 (1 point)
Question 8 Unsaved
In general, what do researchers conclude when their hypotheses are confirmed?
Question 8 options:
It is time to switch to a new research topic.
They have proven their theory.
Their theory now has more support.
Nothing because a hypothesis cannot ever be confirmed.
Question 9 (1 point)
Question 9 Unsaved
When will researchers typically abandon a theory?
Question 9 options:
when it is criticized by other researchers
as soon as a hypothesis based on the theory is disconfirmed
after several hypotheses based on the theory are disconfirmed
after approximately 10 to 15 years
Question 10 (1 point)
Question 10 Unsaved
Which of the following is the most common type of sample in psychological research?
Question 10 options:
a convenience sample
a haphazard sample
a stratified sample
Question 11 (1 point)
Question 11 Unsaved
There is a statistical relationship between two variables if which of the following is true?
Question 11 options:
One of the variables has a higher mean than the other.
The average level of one variable differs across levels of the other.
The variables are conceptually similar (e.g., intelligence and common sense).
all of the above
Question 12 (1 point)
Question 12 Unsaved
Which of the following could NOT be the independent variable in an experiment?
Question 12 options:
Question 13 (1 point)
Question 13 Unsaved
Which of the following studies most clearly has the directionality problem?
Question 13 options:
a study on whether or not a person was sexually abused as a child and how paranoid he or she is as an adult
a study on the relationship between losing a limb and one’s self-esteem
a study relating college students’ study habits to their final exam performance
a study on the correlation between how much negative emotion a person has and how many physical
symptoms he or she has
Question 14 (1 point)
Question 14 Unsaved
The most common source of research ideas in psychology is which of the following?
Question 14 options:
suggestions from friends
Question 15 (1 point)
Question 15 Unsaved
What typically happens to a manuscript during the peer review process for a professional journal?
Question 15 options:
The researcher gets comments on the manuscript from his or her friends before submitting it for publication
The manuscript is posted on the Internet and voted on by a large group of evaluators.
The journal editor sends the manuscript to three experts for their comments before deciding whether to publish it.
The manuscript is published and the journal editor then publishes comments from readers.
Question 16 (1 point)
Question 16 Unsaved
Which of the following is the best example of a construct?
Question 16 options:
number of siblings
Question 17 (1 point)
Question 17 Unsaved
A low test-retest correlation would probably not be a concern for a measure of which of the following?
Question 17 options:
Question 18 (1 point)
Question 18 Unsaved
Which of the following is a common measure of internal consistency?
Question 18 options:
Question 19 (1 point)
Question 19 Unsaved
Which of the following is generally true of measures created for use in scientific research?
Question 19 options:
They can be used without permission.
They are described in a published article.
They should be properly referenced in any published work.
all of the above
Question 20 (1 point)
Question 20 Unsaved
After using any psychological measure, it is always good practice to do which of the following?
Question 20 options:
write a thank you note to the creator of the measure
evaluate its reliability and validity based on the new data
publish the results in the Mental Measurements Yearbook
discuss participants’ responses with them
Question 21 (1 point)
Question 21 Unsaved
APA style writing includes lots of direct quotations.
Question 21 options:
Question 22 (1 point)
Question 22 Unsaved
Which of the following references is formatted correctly in APA style?
Question 22 options:
Williams, J. S. (2008). Effects of sleep deprivation on exam performance. Journal of Psychology and Education, 14, 332-335.
Williams, John S. (2008). Effects of sleep deprivation on exam performance. Journal of Psychology and Education, 14, 332-335.
Williams, J. S. (2008). Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Exam Performance. Journal of Psychology and Education, 14, pp. 332-335.
Williams, J. Sherman (2008). Effects of sleep deprivation on exam performance. Journal of Psychology and Education, 14, 332-335.
Question 23 (1 point)
Question 23 Unsaved
Which of the following reference citations is formatted correctly in APA style?
Which of the following reference citations is formatted correctly in APA style?
Question 23 options:
Williams studied the effect of sleep deprivation on exam performance (2008).
Williams (2008) studied the effect of sleep deprivation on exam performance.
Sleep deprivation has a negative effect on exam performance (Williams, J. S., 2008).
Sleep deprivation has a negative effect on exam performance. (Williams, 2008).
Question 24 (1 point)
Question 24 Unsaved
Which of the following is true of poster presentations in psychology?
Question 24 options:
They are made only by student researchers.
They are becoming less common.
They are a common way for professional researchers to present their research.
They are less effective than oral presentations.
Question 25 (1 point)
Question 25 Unsaved
The literature review of an APA style introduction section should do which of the following?
Question 25 options:
cite and discuss the three most important studies on the current topic
provide an exhaustive list of all research conducted on the current topic
discuss only new research that has been published in the past five years
make an argument for why the current research question is worth addressing
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